Life Skills Program

Effective drug prevention strategies are focused on changing behavior.

Major Components

  • General Social Skills
  • Personal Self-Management Skills
  • Social Resistance Skills

Personal Behavior Change

  • Problem-Solving and Decision-Making
  • Self-Image and Behavior / Goal-Setting
  • Self-Monitoring and Reinforcement
  • Stress and Anxiety Management

Effective Communication

  • Assertiveness
  • Conversational Skills
  • Greetings and Brief Social Exchanges
  • Navigating Social Requests

Social Resistance Skills

  • Awareness of Media and Other Pro-Drug Social Influences
  • Development of Anti-Drug Use Norms
  • Drug Refusal Skills
  • Prevention-Related Drug Knowledge


  • Effective in reducing aggressive / violent behavior
  • Effective in reducing tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, inhalants, narcotics and hallucinogens
  • Effects last for at least 6 years
  • Findings show that the evidence-based LST model is equally effective at the Elementary level
  • Increases self-esteem
  • Reduces annual smoking rates by up to 63%
  • Reduces substance abuse by up to 87%
  • Researched and proven effective with African-American, Hispanic, White, Urban, Suburban and Rural Youth

Theoretical Foundations

  • Functional Behavior
  • Modeling
  • Reinforcement

Cognitive-Behavioral Skills

  • Behavioral Rehearsals
  • Behavioral Skill Development
  • Building Repertoire of skills and tools
  • Cause and Effect Reasoning
  • Changing Norms Through Practice, Reflection and Application of Skills
  • Connecting action to thought
  • Connecting thought to action
  • Discussing and Analyzing
  • Modeling, "safe" practice with peers
  • Observation and Feedback
  • Reframing

Booster Sessions and Provider Training

  • Age-appropriate Strategies and Methods
  • Improved Implementation and Fidelity
  • Reflecting Development and Social Changes
  • Satisfaction and Results
  • Skill Reinforcement and Application

The Role Of Information

  • Immediate and short-term consequences
  • Information alone does not work, and may increase drug use
  • Provide developmentally appropriate information on Risk Factors
  • Salient Issues