Spotted Gar

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopterygii
  • Order: Lepisosteiformes
  • Family: Lepisosteidae
  • Genus: Lepisosteus
  • Species: L. oculatus
Spotted Gar

Fun Facts

  • Gar have a specialized swim bladder which allows them to gulp air and live in poorly oxygenated back waters.
  • They are primitive fish and date back to the Cretaceous period, some 62 to 100 million years ago.
  • The ancestors of spotted gar swam with dinosaurs.
  • Spotted gar eat fish.
  • Their long snout-like mouth is lined with strong, sharp teeth, and their body is covered with thick ganoid (diamond shape) scales.
  • They can reach for 3 feet in length and weigh up to 8 pounds.